Top 6 projects/ways in which IoT technology is already helping the environment
On June 5th, the World Environment Day is celebrated. Traditionally, during that day, the UN launches campaigns on environmental matters. This year, the focus was put on wildlife.
Fortunately, nowadays we are becoming increasingly aware of the environmental issues. Even if we think that this new technological revolution has nothing to do with the environment, it is true that IoT technologies can help solve this kind of issues in many ways. A good example of this is how it can help maintaining the wildlife or how it can help optimizing resources.
In the case of the rural environment, there are IoT devices responsible for detecting forest fires. These devices have sensors that detect humidity, temperature and combustion gases that are in a specific area and activate an alert when the area may be in danger. Thus, allowing us to act quickly so the consequences are minimal or nil.
We must also talk about how the IoT technology is helping wildlife, for example by helping to re-establish control of endangered species such as the case of the Iberian lynx in Spain. Thanks to the application of IoT technology, and by using GPS collars, the few remaining wild lynxes could be monitored to gather data such as their position or activity. Drones were also used to track them, so scientists and experts could help to restore the species.
On the other hand, the IoT sensors are also helping wildlife by decreasing the damage caused by poaching. In some areas of Africa where poaching is a very common practice (albeit illegal) what has been done is to provide some rhinos with GPS trackers, cameras and heart rate monitors, so when an alarming level of stress in animals is detected, researchers can intervene immediately.
Furthermore, IoT can also help indirectly the ecosystem since, in the factories of the future, the environment plays an important role. And IoT devices help monitoring the air and the water quality levels by letting factories know if they are experiencing a leak or if they are exceeding the amount of polluting emissions they expel. This allows them to intervene quickly, reducing with that the impact and losses that may occur. This is not only a benefit for the factory itself, but it also helps to reduce the footprint we are leaving in the environment.
If we focus in a more mundane basis, we must not forget the smart houses and buildings that, through sensors and other connected devices are helping to reduce the consumption of resources in a very considerable way. From improving the efficiency of them, to controlling when they are not being used. This would mean that in the near future the effects of climate change could be reduced by up to approximately 16.5%.
In this article, we have listed only a few examples, but it is true that the environment is threatened, so that we must take its protection more seriously and that we should not leave everything to technology.
An even if thanks to technology we have moved forward in the environmental care, the question we need to ask is: how are you helping to protect, preserve or restore the environment?