Top 6 projects/ways in which IoT technology is already helping the environment.
The World Environment Day is celebrated on the 5th of June. Traditionally, during this day, the UN launches campaigns about environmental issues. This year, the focus was set on wildlife.
Fortunately, nowadays we are becoming increasingly aware of environmental issues. Even if we think that this new technological revolution has nothing to do with the environment, it is true that IoT technologies can help solve these types of issues in many ways. A good example of this is how it can help maintain the wildlife or how it can help optimize resources.
In the case of rural environments, there are IoT devices responsible for detecting forest fires. These devices have sensors that detect the humidity, temperature and combustion gases that are found in a specific area and activate an alert when the área is in danger. Thus, allowing us to act quickly so the consequences are minimal or nil.
We must also talk about how the IoT technology is helping wildlife, for example by helping to re-establish the control of endangered species such as the case of the Iberian lynx in Spain. Thanks to the application of IoT technology, and by using GPS collars, the few remaining wild lynxes are able to be monitored and gather data such as their position or activity. Drones are also used to track them, so scientists and experts are able to help to restore the species.
On the other hand, the IoT sensors are also helping wildlife by decreasing the damage caused by poaching. In some areas of Africa where poaching is a very common practice (albeit illegal)some of the rhinos have been provided with GPS trackers, cameras and heart rate monitors, so when an alarming level of stress in animals is detected, researchers can intervene immediately.
Furthermore, IoT can also indirectly help with the ecosystem since, in the factories of the future, the environment plays an important role. And IoT devices help to monitor the air and the water quality levels by letting factories know if they are experiencing a leak or if they are exceeding the amount of polluting emissions they expel. This allows them to intervene quickly, by reducing the impact and losses that may occur. This is not only beneficial for the factory itself, but it also helps to reduce the footprints we are leaving in the environment.
If we focus in a more mundane basis, we must not forget the smart houses and buildings that, through sensors and other connected devices, are helping to reduce the consumption of resources in a very considerable way. From improving their efficiency to controlling when they are not being used. This means that in the near future the effects of climate change could be reduced by up to approximately 16.5%.
In this article, we have listed only a few examples, but it is true to say that the environment is threatened, so we must take its protection more seriously and that we should not leave everything to technology.
An even if thanks to technology we have moved forward regarding environmental care, the question we need to ask is: how are you helping to protect, preserve or restore the environment?
Article written by Laura Muñoz, App Developer at Barbara IoT.